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Learn About Hemp Oil

UNRAVEL THE WORLD OF HEMP OIL

All Your Questions Answered in One Place

You could spend hours, even days, on the internet trying to understand the hemp oil basics and still come away cross-eyed.  Patient education is one of the vital missions of Alethiah.  Here’s the truth – plain and simple. 

HEMP OIL 101:  KEYWORDS

No More Confusion

Cannabis

Refers to the plant, Cannabis sativa.  Think of Cannabis sativa as the Mother plant who had two children – hemp and marijuana – two distinct plants born into the same family.  A brother and sister aren’t the same person just like hemp and marijuana aren’t the same plants.  Different strains in hemp and marijuana contain their own unique ratios of compounds and chemical makeups and are cultivated for different purposes too. 

WHY THE CONFUSION?  Because when people use the word “Cannabis,” they could be referring to the “Mother Plant” Cannabis sativa, marijuana or hemp…or all three of them!

Marijuana

A strain of Cannabis sativa with more than 0.3% THC.  Popularly known as pot or weed, marijuana is often used recreationally, to get people “high.”  There’s also medical marijuana, which has been legalized in many states to treat symptoms of illnesses, especially cancer and its symptoms stemming from chemotherapy treatments.  Marijuana has high THC levels and low CBD levels.  The federal government considers it a Schedule I controlled substance by the DEA .

WHY THE CONFUSION?  For one, many people believe marijuana and hemp to be the same thing (when they are not!).  On the legal front, while there is legal medical and recreational marijuana in many states, marijuana continues to be federally illegal.

Hemp

Another strain of the Cannabis sativa containing less than 0.3% THC.  With a low amount of THC, hemp does not create psychoactive effects.  It has high amounts of the compound CBD, known for its many anti-inflammatory properties.  

WHY THE CONFUSION?  Hemp got lumped together with marijuana in federal prohibition laws in the 1970s; however, the 2018 Farm Bill definitively removed hemp as a controlled substance, so long as its THC level is at or below 0.3%.  While the federal government says hemp is legal, individual states have their own rights to either legalize or ban the farming or sales of the plant.  

Cannabidiol (CBD)

One of the 100+ cannabinoid compounds found in both hemp and marijuana,  this specific compound is one of the two most abundant and well-studied cannabinoids.  Some research findings show that CBD has many therapeutic properties, all the while non-intoxicating.   

WHY THE CONFUSION?  Many people (yes, even doctors!) uses the word “CBD” interchangeably and, ultimately, incorrectly to refer to anything and everything in the CBD World.  You’ll hear “CBD” referred to when people think it may be marijuana, hemp, oil, or anything in between.

Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabidiol (THC)

THC is the other prominent phyto-cannabinoid compound found in both hemp and marijuana plants. It has been actively studied and shown to help with conditions such as chronic pain, muscle spasticity and nausea.  Some say that THC is what makes marijuana a “drug” because it is the main intoxicating component in the plant, causing the “high” sought after in recreational use. Marijuana has a high THC content, while hemp has a low one.

WHY THE CONFUSION?  Is THC bad or good for you?  Some scientist believe that you actually need both CBD and THC to attain the “real” full-spectrum benefits, while others maintain THC still has serious side effects that should not be ignored.  The “high” can also be a “bad high,” altering moods and senses, impairing body movements and difficulty thinking.  Consuming THC-rich products may also increase risk of psychosis and an increased heart rate, possibly leading to a stroke.  After reading this, you might say, “but the medical marijuana is helping people with cancer!”  This poses the question:  Is marijuana really a harmful drug or is it just the Black Sheep of the family? This is why more complex scientific studies of marijuana, hemp and their properties are critically needed.

Phyto-cannabinoids

Phtyo-cannabinoids are compounds derived from the hemp and marijuana plants, including the most prominent CBD and THC, plus over one hundred others. They are extracted from the plants and can be found in such products as tinctures (hemp oil), soft gels and more. Once consumed, phyto-cannabinoids bind to and activate the cannabinoid receptors CB1 or CB2 within your body. CB1 is the receptor in the central nervous system. CB2 is the receptor in the peripheral nervous system, the digestive system and specialized cells in the immune system.

Endocannabinoids

Endocannabinoid compounds are produced naturally by cells within your body that activate the same receptors as CBD and THC. Endocannabinoids are already present in your body and part of your Endocannabinoid System, the system that helps keep your body in homeostasis. Phyto-cannabinoids are a supplement to your own endocannabinoids, helping your body regain its natural internal balance.

THE SCIENCE BEHIND PHYTOCANNABINOIDS

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